Please also note that whenever you use words, ideas, inferences, positions, figures, images, etc. from another person or place, they must be cited to give credit to the original author. Failure to do so represents plagiarism. Citing a source means that you show, within the body of your text, that you took words, ideas, figures, images, etc. from another place. Sources for work in this course should be reputable and given proper credit within your assignment submission and citations must follow APA format. See the APA resources in the Getting Started section. If unclear as to when a citation is needed, see the links below. Moodle allows a 30 minute window after posting your initial response in the forum to allow for editing. During this time, you will not be able to see your posts or your classmates’ post. Please keep this in mind and be sure to schedule your posts accordingly such that they post in advance of the due date with this delay.
Address the following questions and ensure that your responses for each question are clearly delineated. Your combined response for all of the questions should be at least 500 words as outlined in the grading rubric. Be sure to number your responses.

For the situation presented, please answer the following questions:

1. Does the practice/action outlined represent a violation of the law? Which laws are applicable to this situation? Explain all answers with substantive support.

2.  Identify and describe two actions that organizational leaders could implement to increase the likelihood of successful defense against these claims. Explain why and how these actions could be helpful in such a case.


Trae Rogers was a bus driver for the Los Angeles Rapid Transit Authority. The company had a substance abuse policy that required drivers to be tested after accidents. Rogers ran into a pole. As required, he submitted blood, saliva, and urine samples, all of which tested positive for cocaine. Rogers was fired. He sued, claiming that the drug test was an unreasonable search in violation of the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution.

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