I will pay for the following essay Health Law and Ethics. The essay is to be 5 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.

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The issue of autonomy becomes significant in the refusal of patients to care which in accordance to the health care providers is necessary in promoting their health and wellbeing. Since the principal of autonomy gives patient a right to decide on the health care that is provided to them, some patients refuse care for various cultural, social, economic factors or belief systems. It is important to consider that upon refusal to treatment, there are possible negative implications and consequences which would result. It is because of this that health care providers are faced with a dilemma when they are faced with situation when they are expected to honor the decisions of patients to refuse treatment (Entwistle, Carter, Cribb &amp. McCaffery, 2010).). In accordance to the provision of autonomy, healthcare providers are morally not allowed to provide care to patients if they refuse (Nortvedt, Hem &amp. Skirbekk, 2011). This is because the decisions of patents are considered to be binding to the care providers. It is however argued that disincentives should be used as an effective way of preventing patients from refusal of positive treatment (Entwistle, Carter, Cribb &amp. McCaffery, 2010).). This is in line with the ethical mandate of health care providers to focus on promoting the health and wellbeing of patients. It is therefore necessary that health care providers engage in effective communication with patients so that they would provide them with sufficient information for decision making. This is to be achieved without having an influence or coercion on the patients in the process of decision making. Beneficence is a principal within health care which describes the obligation of health care provides to provide care that is solely focused at benefiting the patients (Sutrop, 2011). The application of this principal in health care settings includes removing possible harm of patients, preventing deterioration of their condition and improving their situation. When patients refuse treatment on grounds of religion, beliefs or culture, the role of health care providers within the principal of beneficence is significantly challenged (Eleftheriadis, 2012). According to the postulates of the principal of beneficence, health care providers are mandated to refrain from causing any form of harm to patients (Sutrop, 2011). At the same time, practitioners are ethically obliged to help their patients. The ethics of medical practice draw a distinction between ideal and obligatory beneficence. In cases where a patient has refused treatment, it is argued that health care providers are not practically expected adhere to the broad definition of ideal beneficence. This is because the goal of health care provision is to effectively improve the welfare and wellbeing of patients (Sutrop, 2011). This is made possible through the application of knowledge and skills that are possessed by these practitioners. The nature and definition of the relationship between patients and their physicians does not oblige the practitioners to remove and prevent harms (Sutrop, 2011).

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