Often, people will say that change is the constant in organizations, and this proposition would be difficult to dispute. However, technology has been a large part of the ongoing change, and the organization of the early twenty-first century certainly looks different from an organization of the 1960s or 1970s. Try to imagine a 1960s-era leader or manager being transported into a twenty-first-century organizational setting or office. Although that might be the fastest way to note just how much technology has aided organizational evolution, it is not possible. Technology has evolved, but not enough to transport people through time.

Consider the aforementioned aspects, and using the module readings and online library resources, research organizational evolution. Then, respond to the following:

  • Explain how technology has affected organizational evolution in the past forty years.
  • Comment on the types of technology, the pace of technological advancement, and the factors that have affected the pace of organizational change during this time.
  • Have these factors enhanced or harmed organizational communications?

Write your initial response in 300–500 words

Use at least 4 references

some articles to reference/use

  • Bartsch, V., Ebers, M., & Maurer, I. (2013). Learning in project-based organizations: The role of project teams’ social capital for overcoming barriers to learning. International Journal of Project Management, 31(2), 239–251. Retrieved from http://
    • Gronhaug, K., & Stone, R. (2012). The learning organization. Competitiveness Review, 22(3), 261–275. (ProQuest Document ID: 1016322604) http://
    • Naqshbandi, M. M., & Kaur, S. (2011). A study of organizational citizenship behaviours, organizational structures, and open innovation. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(6), 182–193. (ProQuest Document ID: 904525164) http://
    • Zutshi, A., Creed, A., Sohal, A. S., & Wood, G. (2012). Consideration of selflessness and self-interest in outsourcing decisions. European Business Review, 24(3), 287–303. (ProQuest Document ID: 101003776) http://
  • Recommended readings:
    • Rijal, S. (2010). Leadership style and organizational culture in learning organization: A comparative study. International Journal of Management and Information Systems, 14(5), 119–127. (ProQuest Document ID: 818852610) http://
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